We rely on your tax-deductible donations to support our mission. Donate online →
Most Policy Initiative logo
Browse Research TOPICS

Black Vultures

Written by Jenny Bratburd
Published on May 27, 2021
Research Highlights

Black vultures are expanding their geographic range northward in Missouri. While vultures provide an important service in consuming waste material, black vultures can be a nuisance by occasionally attacking livestock and damaging property. These vultures are protected by the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act, requiring permits for lethal take. Previous legislation HCR 102 (2020) proposed a Black Vulture Depredation Task Force. 


  • In Missouri, the turkey vulture and black vulture help reduce and remove decaying organic material and control the spread of diseases such as rabies.
  • Black vultures are found in southern Missouri, and are expanding northward.
  • Black vultures can be a nuisance by attacking livestock, damaging property, and impacting aviation.
  • Guard dogs, shooting, and removing attractants can help reduce black vulture damage.
  • Black vultures are protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, requiring permits for kills, though some states have sought to streamline the process.


  • It is not clear why black vultures have an attraction to damaging vinyl/rubber materials.
  • Because a combination of mitigation strategies are often used to prevent black vulture damage, it can be hard to identify which strategies are most effective.
Most Policy Initiative logo
238 E High St., 3rd Floor
Jefferson City, MO 65101
© 2024 MOST Policy Initiative | Website design and development by Pixel Jam Digital
Privacy Policy
chevron-down linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram