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Legislative Science Notes

Several state general assemblies in the Midwest, including Missouri’s, meet from January to May each spring, with bills pre-filed starting in December. While the legislators are actively filing, debating, and voting on legislation, MOST Policy Initiative will be drafting short ‘science notes’ to describe the science behind policy issues.

What is a science note?

Science notes are short (1-3 page) memos that describe scientific principles related to policies or legislation. Each science note features non-biased scientific data and summaries of studies that have been conducted that may relate to proposed legislation.

Legislators and legislative staff are the primary intended audience for the science notes, but they will be made publicly available on the MOST website.

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Establishing a Minimum Biodiesel Fuel in MIssouri

HB529 creates the Missouri-Made Fuels Act, where all diesel fuel sold or offered for sale in the state shall contain at least 5% biodiesel fuel oil by volume (for April 1, 2023, until March 31, 2024), leading to 10% (for April 1, 2024, until March 31, 2026), and 20% (after April 1, 2026).

FAFSA Application Completion

Higher education costs (e.g., tuition & fees, housing) can create barriers to college enrollment and graduation, especially among low-income and first-generation college students.

Farmers' Market Nutrition Program

The Farmers’ Market Nutrition Program (FMNP) provides fresh, locally grown fruits and
vegetables to participants of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants,
and Children (WIC), and aims to expand the awareness, use of, and sales of farmers’ markets.

Feminine Hygiene Products and Prisons

The Missouri Department of Corrections (MDOC) offers free, yet nonabsorbent, sanitary napkins to incarcerated menstruating individuals, while adequate alternatives must be purchased.

Firearms and Police Safety

Firearms-related injuries and deaths pose a serious risk for law enforcement officers (LEOs) in the line of duty.

GPA Requirements for A+ Scholarships

The Missouri A+ Schools Program includes both school improvement (A+ school designations) and college access (A+ scholarships) components (RSMo 160.545).

GPA Requirements for A+ Scholarships

The Missouri A+ Schools Program includes both school improvement (A+ school designations) and college access (A+ scholarships) components (RSMo 160.545). One requirement for A+ scholarship eligibility is graduating from an A+ high school with at least a 2.5 grade point average. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected student mental health, learning and college enrollment behaviors. House Bills 1067 & 1141 would change the GPA eligibility requirements for the A+ Scholarship program so that students can use their highest available GPA from 2019-20 or 2020-21 to meet the 2.5 eligibility standard.

HIV Pre- and Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Dispensation

In Missouri, over 12,000 people live with HIV, and over 500 new HIV infections are diagnosed each year.

Homelessness in Missouri

Homelessness is a multifaceted issue that affects over a half-million Americans on a single night in the US and is associated with adverse social, health, and economic outcomes.

Inspection of Farm Grounds and Facilities in Missouri

House Bill 574 would limit who can conduct on-farm inspections of animal agricultural operations within the state to only those who are authorized by the federal or Missouri law to keep the commercial supply of these products safe.

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