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Arrest for Technical Violations by State

Written by Dr. Sarah Anderson
Published on May 15, 2024
Research Highlights

State laws vary on who can arrest and when the arrest can occur for violations of community supervision.

When an offender commits a technical violation (i.e. violates the terms of their community supervision) their probation/parole officer will report the violation to the probation and parole board. Depending on the violation, the board may issue a warrant for the offender’s arrest. Four states allow only a probation/parole officer to arrest an offender for a technical violation (Figure 1). Sixteen states allow law enforcement officers to arrest an offender under community supervision if there is a warrant for their arrest.

Not all states require a warrant to arrest an offender for technical violations. Eight states allow law enforcement officers to arrest an offender for technical violations without a warrant. Thirteen states allow a law enforcement officer to arrest an offender for technical violations without a warrant if they have been requested to do so by an individual from the community supervision department.

How law enforcement officers access conditions of an offender's community supervision varies by state. In CA, each county has its own communication system, and local information sharing policies determine whether conditions of supervision are shared with law enforcement (CPOC 2012).

 

 

Figure 1. Map of the officers allowed to arrest an offender under community supervision for technical violations. Go to the PDF for clickable links on the states to be taken to the state statute or see works cited below.

 

Works Cited

Parole Revocation. Alabama Admin. Code r. 640-X-9.03 (2020)

https://www.law.cornell.edu/regulations/alabama/Ala-Admin-Code-r-640-X-9-.03

 

Arrest of parole violator. Alaska Statutes 33.16.240 (2023)

https://www.akleg.gov/basis/statutes.asp#33.16.240

 

Execution of warrant to take paroled prisoner or offender on community supervision: expenses. Arizona Revised Statutes. 31-416

https://www.azleg.gov/viewdocument/?docName=https://www.azleg.gov/ars/31/00416.htm

 

General Provisions. California Penal Code. 3000.08

https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes_displaySection.xhtml?lawCode=PEN&sectionNum=3000.08

 

Chief Probation Officers of California. (2012, 9 18). CPOC positions statement on information sharing with law enforcement.

Retrieved from CPOC: https://www.cpoc.org/sites/main/files/file-attachments/cpoc_statement_on_info_sharing-final.pdf?1501699283

 

Arrest of parolee – revocation proceedings. Colorado Revised Statutes Annotated. 17-2-103

advance.lexis.com

 

Special parole. Conditions. Duration. Violation. Hearing. Disposition. Connecticut General Statutes. 54-125e

https://www.cga.ct.gov/current/pub/chap_961.htm#sec_54-125e

 

Arrest for violation of conditions; subsequent disposition. 11 Delaware Code § 4334

https://delcode.delaware.gov/title11/c043/sc03/index.html

 

Authority to arrest parole violators with or without a warrant. XLVII Florida Statutes § 947.22 (2023)

https://www.flsenate.gov/Laws/Statutes/2023/0947.22

 

Arrest of parolee or conditional release violator. 42 Official Code of Georgia Annotated § 9-48

advance.lexis.com

 

Summons or arrest of defendant on probation; commitment without bail. 14 Hawai’i Revised Statutes §706-626 (2023)

https://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/hrscurrent/Vol14_Ch0701-0853/HRS0706/HRS_0706-0626.htm

 

Arrest of parolee, probationer or person under drug court or mental health court supervision without warrant – agent’s warrant –

detention – report to commission or court. 20 Idaho Statutes §227 https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/Title20/T20CH2/SECT20-227/

Supervision on parole, mandatory supervised release and release by statute. 730 Illinois Code of Statutes §3-14-2

https://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/documents/073000050K3-14-2.htm

 

Violation of parole; procedures. 11 Indiana Code §13-3-8 (2023).

https://iga.in.gov/laws/2023/ic/titles/11#11-13-3-8

 

Parole officer may arrest parolee or person subject to postincarceration supervision, when – detention –

report to commissioner – return of prisoner to prison – prisoner for whose return a warrant has been issued to be deemed a fugitive from justice –

effect of violation of parole. XL Kentucky Revised Statutes §439.430 (2011). https://apps.legislature.ky.gov/law/statutes/statute.aspx?id=39612

 

Parole officers; powers of arrest; summary arrest and detention of parolees. 15 Louisiana Revised Statutes §574.8

www.legis.la.gov

 

Violations of parole. 34-A Maine Revised Statutes §5806

https://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/statutes/34-A/title34-Asec5806.html

 

Revocation of release and detention order following violation of release conditions. II Massachusetts General Laws §276.58B https://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartIV/TitleII/Chapter276/Section58B

 

Arrest, restraint and detention of parolees and probations. Michigan Department of Corrections Policy Directive 06.01.120 (2015)

www.michigan.gov/corrections

 

Commissioner of Corrections; powers, limitations. 243 Minnesota Statutes §05

https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/cite/243.05

 

Revocation of probation or post-release supervision. 47 Mississippi Code 1972 Annotated §7-37.1. (2015).

advance.lexis.com

 

Arrest of person paroled or on conditional release – report – procedure – revocation of parole or release –

effect of sentence – arrest of parolee from another state. XIII Revisor of Missouri §217.720 (2018). https://revisor.mo.gov/main/OneSection.aspx?section=217.720

 

Parolee; violation of parole; parole officer; administrative sanction; report to Board of Parole; action of board.

83 Nebraska Revised Statute §1,119  https://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/statutes.php?statute=83-1,119

 

Arrest of alleged violator of parole: powers and duties of peace officers. 213 Nevada Revised Statutes §151

https://www.leg.state.nv.us/nrs/NRS-213.html#NRS213Sec151

 

Violation of the Terms of Probation or Parole. LI New Hampshire Statutes §504-A:4 (2013).

https://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/LI/504-A/504-A-4.htm

 

Parole violation; apprehension; hearing. 30 New Jersey Statutes §4-123.62 (2023).

https://www.lawserver.com/law/state/new-jersey/nj-laws/new_jersey_laws_30_4-123-62

 

Return of parole violator. 31 New Mexico Statutes Annotated 1978 §21-14

nmonesource.com

 

Notice to appear, warrant. L The Laws of New York §410.40 (2019).

https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/CPL/410.40

 

Arrest and hearing on parole violation. 85 North Carolina General Statutes §15A – 1376

https://www.ncleg.gov/EnactedLegislation/Statutes/PDF/ByArticle/Chapter_15a/Article_85.pdf

 

Arrest of parolees without warrant. 23 Ohio Revised Code §2301.31 (2002).

https://codes.ohio.gov/ohio-revised-code/section-2301.31

 

Performance by Department of Corrections staff of duties of parole and probation officers appointed by judge.

4 Oregon Revised Statutes §14-137.610 https://oregon.public.law/statutes/ors_137.610

 

Revocation of parole – hearing. 13 Rhode Island General Laws §8-18.

https://webserver.rilegislature.gov/Statutes/TITLE13/13-8/13-8-18.htm

 

Arrest for violation of terms of probation; bond. 24 South Carolina Code of Laws Unannotated §21-450.

https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/t24c021.php

 

Warrant to arrest parolee or inmate- suspension of parole supervision time – time credited. 24 South Dakota Codified Laws §15-21

https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/24-15-21

 

Revocation of Parole. Tennessee Code Annotated §1100-01-01-.14

https://publications.tnsosfiles.com/rules/1100/1100-01-01.20221019.pdf

 

Violation of conditions of community supervision; detention and hearing. Texas Statutes Code of Criminal Procedure §42A.751.  https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Docs/CR/htm/CR.42A.htm#42A.751

 

Violation of parole or probation – detention-hearing. 64 Utah Code §13-29 (2024).

https://le.utah.gov/xcode/Title64/Chapter13/64-13-S29.html

 

Issuance of warrant; arrest without a warrant; confinement pending hearing; authority of correctional officers and law enforcement officers.

28 The Vermont Statutes Online §7.4.551 https://legislature.vermont.gov/statutes/fullchapter/28/007

 

Arrest of parolee or felon serving a period of postrelease supervision without warrant; written statement. Code of Virginia §53.1-162 https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacodefull/title53.1/chapter4/article3/

 

Violation of probation-rearrest-imprisonment. 9 Revised Code of Washington §95.220.

https://app.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9.95.220

 

62 West Virgina Code §12-19

https://code.wvlegislature.gov/62-12-19/

 

Contents of demand. 7 Wyoming Statutes §3-205

https://wyoleg.gov/statutes/compress/title07.pdf

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